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化疗的前、中、后期,饮食如何巧安排?患者的副反应不同,饮食策略也不同

2020-08-18
402
<p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">化疗期间的饮食非常重要,癌症病人化疗之后,多多少少会出现一些类似食欲减退、腹泻、头昏气短等毒副反应,这也是化疗最后失败的主要原因。在这个特殊时期,应根据化疗的不同阶段,结合患者自身病情准备食物。</p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: #375072; font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">化疗前营养差,化疗毒副反应大</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px;">化疗的效果与病人体质的强弱、营养状况有明显关系,化疗前总体要求是增强体质,增加营养。宜多摄入蛋白质。选用能补益气血,健脾补肾的食品,如红枣、山药、芝麻、龙眼、菠菜、鸡、鸭、猪肉、牛肉、鱼、豆制品、蛋、奶类等。另外,可用黄芪、人参、当归,枸杞等煮或炖鸡、鸭等。</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: #375072; font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">化疗期间按不同症状提供饮食</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px;">中医观点认为,化疗作为一种强烈的攻邪手段作用于人体,会造成体内气血受损脏腑功能失调,出现不同程度的毒副反应。针对化疗中常见的主要不良反应,要对应采取不同的饮食:</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px;">① 如果有消化问题:在化疗期间,病人常出现食欲减退,恶心,呕吐,腹泻等脾胃症状。</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px;"><img style="display: block; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;" src="../../public/editor/image/20200818/5e71b7977a87450b177251af66345119.jpg" width="876" height="489" /></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px;">宜:易消化食物,主食以流汁或半流汁为主,比如,五谷粥、面条等。</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px;">忌:生冷油腻。别给病人吃生冷瓜果,像西瓜、香蕉、梨、黄瓜、茄子、芹菜等,会加重腹泻症状。另外肥腻的食物不易消化,也不适合吃。</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px;">② 如果头晕乏力:在化疗的过程中,病人的白细胞和血小板会下降,出现头昏,倦怠乏力,心慌气短,脱发等全身衰弱、气血不足表现。</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px;">宜:富含铁质食物,可以供给身体足够造血原料。选择如猪肝、瘦肉、鱼、菠菜、金针菜、桂圆等。</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px;">③ 如果有&ldquo;燥&rdquo;反应:化疗中出现发热,口渴多饮、口腔炎、口腔溃疡、大便干结、尿黄、舌红、无苔等热毒伤阴,津液耗损表现。</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px;">忌:辛辣及煎、炒,炸类食品,多食新鲜蔬菜、水果等高维生素食品。</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: #375072; font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">化疗后新鲜食物助元气</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px;">经过化疗的强烈作用,人体存在着不同程度气血不足、脾胃失调、肝肾亏损的表现。宜多吃新鲜蔬菜、水果。少吃或不吃腌、熏、炸、烤食品,不吃霉变食品。</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px;">下列食品有一定的作用,患者可根据自己口味选择食用。如:洋葱、茄子、萝卜、芹菜、豆腐、茭白;菌类包括香菇、蘑菇、猴头菇、木耳等;海产品,海蜇、海带、海参、紫菜、带鱼等。</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: #333333; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Helvetica Neue', 'PingFang SC', 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei UI', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; background-color: #ffffff; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 1px;">还要注意:癌症病人食欲差,注意烹任的色、香,味、形,以增加食欲。口服化疗药物时,饭后半小时服用较好,当血液中药浓度达高峰时,食物已经消化,消化道反应会轻些。化疗呕吐时可将生姜片含在嘴里,对止吐有帮助。化疗结束后晚餐晚些吃,减少恶心、呕吐的症状。</span></p>
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